Latin Dictionary


abbas abbatis : father / abbot.
abbatia : abbey, monastery.
abduco : to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw.
abeo : to go away, retire / depart from life, die.
abeo : to digress / change / vanish, disappear.
abscido : to cut off, to separate, take away.
absconditus : hidden, concealed.
absens, absentis : (adj.) absent, missing, away, gone.
absorbeo : to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.
absque : (+ abl.) without.
abstergo : to wipe off, clean away.
absum : to be absent, be away, be missing.
abundans : abundant, overflowing, abounding in.
abundantia : abundance, bounty, plenty
abutor : to make full use of, to abuse.
abutor : to use abusive language / use a word incorrectly.
ac : (atque) : and
accedo : to approach, come near / (things) to be added.
accendo : to kindle, illuminate, inflame.
acceptus : welcome, pleasant, agreeable.
accipio : to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.
accommodo : to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.
accusator : accusor, plaintiff.
accuso : to accuse, blame, find fault with.
acer : sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.
acerbitas : harshness, bitterness.
acerbus : bitter, gloomy, dark.
acervus : a heap, mass.
acidus : sharp, sour.
acies : keenness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.
acquiro : to acquire, gain, get, obtain.
acsi : as if, (Herimann p. 283, 293).
adamo : to fall in love with, find pleasure in.
adaugeo : to make greater, add, increase.
addo : to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause, / add, join.
adduco : to lead, induce, persuade.
ademptio: a taking away.
adeo : to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long.
adeo : to approach, visit, come to, undertake.
adeptio : attainment, obtaining.
adepto : to obtain, get, acquire.
adfectus affectus : (fr. adficio) : influenced, worked upon.
adfero affero : to cause, bring about, contribute.
adfero affero : to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.
adficio : to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.
adflicto affligo : to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.
adhaero : to hang to, stick to, adhere.
adhuc : till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.
adicio : to direct, address, apply / to throw to.
adimpleo : to fulfill, perform.
adinventitias : (?) Herimann, cap 2.
adipiscor : to come up to, overtake, obtain.
adiuvo : to help, aid, assist.
administratio : giving of help, administration, government.
admiratio : wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.
admiror : to wonder at, admire, marvel at.
admitto : to admit, receive.
admoneo : admonish, advise.
admonitio : warning, reminder (insult – Herimann, p. 282).
admoveo : to move to, bring up, apply.
adnuo : to nod assent.
adopto : to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.
adsidue assidue : continuously, without remission.
adstringo : (persons) bind, oblige, (+ refl.) commit oneself to
adstringo : to tight, compress, compact /
adstringo : to draw together, tighten, bind.
adsuesco assuesco : to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.
adsum : to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,
adsumo (assumo) : to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.
adulatio : fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.
adulescens : young man, youth, lad.
adulescentia : youth
adultus : (adj.) grown up, mature, adult, of age.
aduro (adustum) : to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.
advenio : to come, arrive, reach.
adversus : (prep. + acc.) toward, against, facing
adversus : (adj.) facing, opposite, opposing.
adverto : to turn towards, direct one’s attention to, attract.
advoco : to summon, call / call in an advisor.
aedificium edificium : building, structure.
aeger eger : sick, ill.
aegre egre : (adv.) hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.
aegresco egresco : to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.
aegresco : to become ill, grow worse, be ill.
aegretudo egretudo : sickness, mental illness.
aegrotatio egrotatio : sickness, illness.
aegrus : ill, diseased, unwell.
aeneus eneus : made of copper or bronze, brazen.
aequitas equitas : justice, fairness, equity.
aequus, equus : level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.
aer, aeris : air, atmosphere, ether, weather.
aestas estas : summer.
aestivus estivus : pertaining to summer.
aestus estus : heat, tide.
aetas : an age, stage, period of life, time, era.
aeternus eternus : eternal, everlasting, without end.
Affligeniensis, Haffligeniensis : Afflighem.
ager (agri) : farm, field, acre.
aggero : to make a mound, heap up, increase.
aggredior : to go to, approach, address, attack.
agnitio : recognition, knowledge.
agnosco : to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit.
agnosco : acknowledge.
agnosco : to recognize, understand, perceive.
ago (egi actum ) : to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.
ait : he says.
aiunt: they say.
Aldenard : Audenarde.
alienus : somebody else’s, foreign, alien, strange, different.
alii … alii : some … others.
alioqui : (adv.) otherwise.
alioquin : (adv.) otherwise, in some respects / in general.
aliqua : some.
aliquando : at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.
aliquanta : (adj.) moderate, or some size.
aliquanto : somewhat, considerably.
aliquantum : (noun) a good deal.
aliquantus : (adj.) of some size, moderate.
aliqui : some.
aliquid : someone, somebody, something.
aliquis : someone, anyone, anything, (adv.) in any respect.
aliquo : (adv.) in some direction.
aliquot : some, several.
aliquotiens : some times.
alius alia aliud : other, another, someone else, something else.
allatus (=adfero) : having been brought.
alo (alui altum) : nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.
Alos : alquod: some.
alter : (adv.) otherwise.
alter altera alterum : the second, the other one.
alter … alter : the one … the other.
altus : high, deep.
alveus : hollow, basket, bed (of a river).
amaritudo : bitterness.
Ambianis : Amiens.
ambitus : border, edge, extent / going around, circuit.
ambulo : to walk.
amicitia : friendship
amiculum : cloak, cape.
amicus : friend, comrade.
amissio / amissus : loss.
amita : father’s sister, paternal aunt.
amitto : to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away.
amitto : to send away, let go, let slip, lose.
amo : to love, like, be fond of, cherish.
amor : love, affection, infatuation, passion.
amoveo : to move away, remove, take out, shift.
amplexus : an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, [euphemism] amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.
amplitudo : size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.
amplus : large, spacious, ample / great important, honorable.
an : (adv.) or “Are you going OR are you staying?”
ancilla : maidservant, also used by nuns to describe themselves.
Andegavense : Anjou.
angelus : angel.
angulus : corner, niche.
angustus : narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.
animadverto : to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.
animi : at heart.
animus : courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul.
animus : character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often mind.
annus : year.
anser : goose.
ante : (prep. + acc.) before / in front of / (adv.) before, previously.
antea : (adv.) before, previously, formerly.
antepono : (+ dat.) put before, prefer, favor, promote.
antiquus : ancient, old, hoary,
aperio : to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.
aperte : openly, frankly.
apostolus : (legal) notice sent to a higher tribunal / ecc. Apostle.
apparatus : equipment, gear, machinery / splendor, magnificence.
appareo : to become visible, appear, manifest
appello : to call, name, summon.
appono : to appoint a person, to add something.
appono : to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.
appositus : placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.
approbo : to approve.
appropinquo : (+ dat.) to near, drawn near, come close, approach.
apto : to fit, adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.
aptus : fitted, connected, fastened / prepared, fitted out.
aptus : suitable, appropriate, fitting.
apud : (prep. + acc.) among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.
aqua : water.
ara : altar
aranea : spider’s web.
arbitro arbitror : to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.
arbor : tree.
arbustum : a vineyard planted with trees.
arbustus : planted with trees.
arca archa : chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.
arceo : to shut up, enclose.
arcesso, accerso : to bring, fetch, summon, call for.
arcus : bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.
argentum : silver, money.
argumentum : proof, evidence.
arguo : to show, make clear, attempt to show.
arma : arms, weapons.
armarium : cupboard, chest, safe (for food, clothing, money).
armo : to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.
aro : to plow.
ars, artis : skill method, technique, conduct, character.
articulus : (of time) a moment, crisis.
artificiose : skillfully.
artificiosus : skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.
arto : to press together, reduce, abridged.
arx , arcis : citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.
ascisco : to receive, admit / adopt / take up, approve.
ascit :
asper : rough, harsh, severe.
asperitas : roughness, severity / harshness, fierceness.
aspicio : to look at, behold, gaze at, see.
asporto : to carry off, take away.
assentator : flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.
astrum : star, constellation.
Asvesniis : of Avesnes.
at : (conj.) but. (more emphatic and emotional than sed).
atavus : great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.
ater atra atrum : dark.
atqui : (conj.) and yet, still.
Atrebatum : Arras.
atrocitas : hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.
atrox : terrible, cruel, horror.
attero : destroy, waste, weaken, impair.
attero : to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.
attollo : to raise, lift up, elevate / excite, exalt.
attonbitus : frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.
auctor : author, originator.
auctoritas : authority
auctus : growth, enlargement, increase.
audacia : boldness, dash, daring, audacity.
audacter, audaciter : boldly, proudly, fearlessly.
audax : bold
audentia : boldness, courage.
audeo : (part. ausus ) : to dare.
audio : to hear, hearken, listen to.
auditor : hearer, listener.
aufero : to carry away, remove / steal, carry off, make away with.
aureus : golden.
auris : ear.
Aurissiodorenses : Auxerre, dept. Yonne, between Paris and Dijon.
aurum : gold.
aut … aut : either … or.
autem : moreover, however, but, also.
autus : increase, enlargement, growth.
Auxatia : Alsace.
auxilium : aid, help, assistance, support.
avaritia : avarice, greed.
avarus : greedy, avaricious.
aveho : to carry away, remove (avexi avectum )
averto : to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.
Avesniis : Avesnes.
avoco : to call away, divert.


baiulus : porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden.
balbus : stammering, stuttering, fumbling.
barba : beard, whiskers.
bardus : stupid, slow, dull.
basium : kiss.
beatus : blessed, fortunate, sometimes “saint”.
bellicus : martial, military, war-like.
bellum : war.
bellus : beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.
bene : melior : optime : well, better, best
beneficium : benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.
benevolentia : benevolence, kindness, good will.
benigne : kindly, generously.
Berlinmonte : Berlaimont, near Le Quesnoy.
bestia : animal, beast.
bibo : to drink, quaff.
bis : twice.
blandior : to flatter, caress, (+ dat.) coax.
blanditia : blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.
Blesense : Blois.
Boloniense : Bouillon.
bonus melior optimus : good, better, best.
bos (bovis ) : cow, ox, bull.
Brabatensium : Brabant.
Brachants : Brabant.
brevis : short, small, brief.
brevitas : shortness, brevity.
breviter : briefly.
Brocherota : Broqueroi.


cado : to fall, drop, plummet, topple.
caecus : blind, sightless.
caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.
caelum : sky, heaven.
calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.
calamus : anything made or reed — pen, arrow, pipe, etc.
calcar, -is : spur.
calco : to tread, trample upon.
calculus : pebble, stone.
callide : skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.
callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.
Cameracum : Cambrai.
campana : bell.
candidus : bright, shining, white.
canis : dog.
canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.
canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.
canto : to sing.
capillus : hair.
capio : to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.
capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.
capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.
caput capitis : head / top, summit / chief
carbo carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.
carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.
careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.
caries : rottenness, corruption, decay.
cariosus : rotten, decayed.
caritas : dearness, affection / charity.
carmen : song, poem.
Carnotense : Chartres.
Carnutum Carnotum : Chartres.
carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.
carus : dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.
casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.
caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.
Castellandum : Chateaudun.
casus : accident, chance, fortune.
catena : chain, fetters.
caterva : crowd, troop, flock.
catervatim : in troops, in masses.
Cathalaunenses : Chalons.
cattus : cat.
cauda : the tail of an animal.
causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.
causa : cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.
causa : case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.
caute cautim : cautiously, with security.
cautela : caution, precaution, security.
caveo cavi cautum : beware, avoid, look out for.
cavus : hole, pit.
cedo : to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw.
cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.
cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.
celebrer : famous, renowned.
celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.
celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.
celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.
celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.
celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.
cena : dinner, meal.
cenaculum : garret, attic.
ceno : to dine.
censura : judgement.
centum : (indecl.) one hundred, 100.
cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.
cernuus : falling headlong.
certe certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.
certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.
certus : undoubted, certain, sure.
certus : settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.
cervus : stag, deer
cetera : for the rest, otherwise
ceteri : the remaining, the rest, the others
ceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.
ceterus : the other, the rest.
charisma carisma : gift, present.
chirographum : autograph, person’s own handwriting / written charter.
cibo : food for animals
cibus : food for men and animals.
cicuta : hemlock.
cilicium : (? Herimann, p. 311)
cimentarius : mason?
ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.
ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.
cinis cineris : ashes, embers.
circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.
circumvenio : to beset, assail.
cito: quickly, rapidly, speedily.
civilis : civil, civic.
civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.
civitas : state, citizenship, city-state.
clam : secretly, in secret.
clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.
clamor : loud shouting, cry.
claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.
clarus : clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustrious
claudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.
claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.
claudus : lame.
claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.
clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.
clibanus : oven, furnace / tray for bread making.
coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.
coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.
coepi : (pres. incipio ) : began, started, undertook, initiated.
coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.
cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.
cognatus : (adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.
cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.
cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.
cogo, coegi, coactum : to compel, restrict, confine.
cogo, coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.
cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick together
cohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.
cohors : a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.
cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.
colligo : to gather together, collect, assemble.
colloco : to place, put, arrange.
collum : neck.
colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherish
color : color.
coloratus : colored / dark-complexioned.
coloro : to color.
coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.
combibo : to drink up, suck in.
comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.
comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume / waste, squander.
comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade / count.
cometes : comet
cometissa comitissa : countess.
comis : courteous, kind, friendly.
comitatus : train, retinue, following / war band.
comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.
comitto : to entrust, commit.
commemoro : to remind, relate, mention.
commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.
commessatio, onis : eating together.
comminor : to threaten.
comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.
comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.
commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.
commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.
commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.
commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.
commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.
commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.
commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of something.
commoneo : to remember, recollect.
commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.
commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.
communis : common, general, run of the mill.
comparo : to compare.
compater : the godfather of a man’s child.
compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.
compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.
comperio : to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out.
comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty.
comperte : on good authority.
compes, compedis : fetters, shackles, chained.
compes : fetters, shackles, chains.
competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.
complectus : embrace, grasp.
compleo : to finish.
compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.
compono : to put together, compose.
compositio : composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.
compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.
comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.
comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend.
comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.
comprobo : to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.
comprovincialis : born in the same province.
comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.
conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.
concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.
concepta : measures, capacity.
concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.
concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.
concido : to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.
concilium : council
concipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.
concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.
concito : to move violently, stir up, excite.
conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.
concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.
concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.
concutio : to shake, disturb, agitate.
concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.
Condato : Cond.
condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.
conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.
confero : to bring together, put together, collect /
confero : discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.
confestim : immediately, without delay.
confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.
confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.
conforto : to strengthen much.
confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.
congregatio : assembly, society, union.
congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.
congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.
conicio : to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.
coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.
conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reach
coniuratio : conspiracy, plot.
coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.
coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.
conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.
conqueror : to complain loudly.
conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.
conscientia : conscience, consciousness, knowledge
conscindo : to tear in pieces.
conscius : conscious of, aware of.
conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.
considero : to look at, regard carefully,
consido : to set down, settle.
consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.
consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.
consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.
consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.
consisto : to take one’s stand, stand still, stop, be posted.
consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.
consitor : sower, planter.
conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.
conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.
constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.
constanter : steadily, firmly.
constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.
constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.
consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.
constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.
construo construxi constructum : to construct, build, arrange.
constupator : ravisher, debaucher.
constupro : to ravish, corrupt.
consuasor : advisor, counselor.
consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.
consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituate
consueta : customary, usual.
consuetudo : custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.
consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.
consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.
consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice.
consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.
consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.
consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.
consultum : decree.
consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.
consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.
consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.
consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.
consurgo : to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.
contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.
contactus : touching, contact / contagion.
contages : a touch, contact.
contagio contagium : contagion, infection / touching, contact.
contamino : to pollute, infect.
contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.
contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.
contemplatio : survey, contemplation.
contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.
contemptim : contemptuously.
contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.
contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.
contendo : to compare, contrast / compete.
contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.
contendo : to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.
contente : eagerly, earnestly.
contentus : contented, satisfied
contentus : strained, stretched / eager, zealous.
contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.
contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.
contineo contigi, contectum : border on / befall (good luck).
contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.
contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.
contineo: to hold back, restrain.
contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.
continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.
continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.
contra : (+ acc.) against.
contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.
contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.
contraho : to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.
contristo : to make sad or gloomy
contristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).
conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.
conventus : coming together, assembly, union, congress.
conversatio : way, manner of life / monastic life.
converto : to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.
convoco : to call together, convene.
copia : abundance, supply.
copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.
copiose : fully, at length, copiously.
Corbeiam : Corbie.
cornu : horn.
corona : crown, diadem.
corpus corporis : body, corpse.
correptius : more shortly.
corrigo : (correctum) : to make correct, make right.
corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack
corroboro : to strengthen.
corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken.
corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.
corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.
Corturiacum : Courtrai.
coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.
cotidie : daily, every day.
Courtacum : Courtrai.
crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.
cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.
crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.
creator : creator, founder.
creatura : creature, servant.
creber : thick, frequent, numerous.
crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.
credo : to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.
creo : to create, make.
creptio : taking by force, seizure.
crepusculum : dusk, twilight.
cresco : (cretum) : to grow, increase, expand.
creta : chalk, fuller’s earth.
cribro : to sift.
cribrum : sieve.
crinis : hair.
crinitus : long haired.
cruciamentum : torture, torment.
crucio : to torture, torment.
crudelis : cruel.
cruentus : to make bloody, stain with blood.
cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.
crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot.
crustulum : pastry, cookie.
crux crucis : cross.
cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroom
cubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.
cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.
cubitum ire : to go to bed, retire
cubitum : the elbow / a cubit.
cubo : to lie down, recline.
cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?
cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?
cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.
cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.
cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.
cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.
cuiusmodi : of what kind.
culpa : fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).
culpo : to blame, censure, accuse.
cultellus : a little knife.
cultura : cultivation
cum : (prep + abl.) with.
cum : (with indicative) when.
cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.
cunabula : cradle.
cunae : nest for young birds.
cunctatio : delay.
cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,
cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.
cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.
cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.
cupido : passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.
cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.
cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.
cupressus : cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.
cur : why, wherefore.
cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.
curatio : attention / medical attention, healing, curing.
curator : guardian, overseer
curia : court
curiositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.
curiosus : careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.
curis quris : a spear.
curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.
curo : manage, administer / provide money.
curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.
curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.
currus : cart / a plow with wheels.
cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.
cursito : to run up and down.
curso : to run back and forth.
cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.
cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.
curto : to shorten, abbreviate.
Curtracus : Courtrai.
curtus : shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.
curvo : to bend, arch, curve / influence.
curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).
custodia : protection, custody.
custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.
custos : (custodis) : guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy.


damnatio : condemnation.
damno : to condemn, damn.
dapifer : seneschal.
de : (prep. + abl.) down from, from, concerning, about.
debeo : to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.
debilito : to weaken, enervate, sap, exhaust.
decens, decenter : properly, fittingly, suitably.
decerno : to decide, determine, settle.
decerto : to contend, fight to the finish.
decet : it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.
decimus : tenth.
decipio : (deceptus) ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.
decor : beauty, grace.
decoro : beautify, embellish, adorn.
decorus : beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.
decretum : decree, judgment, edict, order.
decumbo : to fall, fall into, lie down.
dedecor : unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.
dedecus : shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.
dedico : to dedicate.
deduco : to lad out colonists, found a colony.
defaeco : to cleanse, purify, purge.
defendo : to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.
defero : to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.
defessus : weary, tired.
defetiscor (defessus) : to grow tired, weary.,
deficio : (defectum) : to fail, to weaken, to be in want.
defigo : fasten down, secure, fix firmly / concentrate, fix upon.
defleo : to weep for, bewail.
defleo : to bewail, weep for.
defluo : to flow down, waste, disappear.
defluo : to flow away, disappear, be lost.
defungo : to discharge one’s duties, quit, retire, die, finish
degenero : to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy.
degenero : to be unlike one’s kind, fall off, degenerate.
degero : to pass time, live.
degusto : to taste.
deinde : next, then, thereafter, from that place.
delectatio : delight, pleasure, enjoyment.
delecto : to attract, delight / (pass + abl) take delight in.
delego : to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.
deleo : (deletum ) to destroy, wipe out, erase.
delibero : to consider, deliberate.
delicate : luxuriously, delicately, slowly.
delicate : (adv.) luxuriously.
deliciae : allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheart
delinquo : to fail, be wanting / fail in duty, commit a crime.
deludo : to mock, cheat.
demens : (dementis ) : insane, mad, out of one’s mind, foolish.
demergo : to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.
demitto : set down, let fall (to offer payment to the church), lower.
demo : to take away, subtract.
demonstro : to indicate, show, describe, explain.
demoror : to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.
demulceo : to stroke down, caress by stroking.
demum : at length at last, finally.
denego : to refuse, deny, reject.
denique : at last, finally, again, in short.
dens : (dentis ) : tooth.
denuncio : declare, give notice, announce.
denuntio : to announce officially, pronounce, declare.
denuo : anew, again, a second time, afresh.
deorsum : downwards.
depereo : to perish, be utterly ruined.
depono : to put down, lay aside.
depopulo depopulor : to lay waste, ravage, devastate.
deporto : to carry off, to take away.
depraedor depredor : to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.
deprecator : intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.
deprecor : to entreat for, beg for / intercede / curse.
deprecor : to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.
deprehensio : detection.
deprimo (depressus) : to press down, depress, low-lying.
depromo : to take down, produce, fetch out.
depulso : push aside, thrust away.
deputo : to count, estimate / prune, cut off.
derelinquo : to forsake, desert, abandon.
derideo : to laugh at, mock, deride.
deripio : to tear down, snatch away.
desidero : to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.
desidiosus : lazy, unmotivated.
desino (desiit) : to leave off, give over, cease, stop, desist.
desino : cease, stop, end, desist.
desipio : to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one’s self.
desolo : to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.
desparatus : given up on / desperate
despecto : overlook, despise, look down upon.
despero : to have no hope, despair, give up.
despero : to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.
despiciens : contemptuous.
despicio : to look down, regard from above, despise.
desposco : to demand.
destinatus : resolute, firm, determined, with one’s mind made up.
destituo : to set down, place / abandon, leave in the lurch.
detego detectum : to uncover, lay bare, disclose.
determino : to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.
detineo : hold off, hold back, detain.
detrimentum : damage, loss, detriment.
deus : god.
devenio : to come to, arrive at, reach.
devito : to avoid.
devoco : to call away, call down, call aside.
devotio : (Christian) piety, devotion, zeal.
devoveo : to consecrate, sacrifice, devote / curse, execrate.
dexter : right, on the right.
dextera : the right hand.
diabolus : devil, Satan.
dico : (dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.
dictata : things dictated, lessons, presents.
dictator : dictator.
dictito : to say often, reiterate.
dicto : to say often, dictate, get written down.
didicerat : (?) Herimann, p. 281.
didico : to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).
dido dididi didtum : to separate, divide, distribute.
dies diei : day
diffama -tus : spread around, made known.
differo : to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.
differo : to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.
differo : to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.
differtus : stuffed full, crammed, jammed.
difficilis : difficult, hard, troublesome.
difficultas : difficulty, need, trouble, distress.
digestor : arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.
dignitas : merit, worth, prestige, dignity.
dignosco dignosco : to distinguish, recognize as different.
dignus : (+ abl.) worthy, worthy of, meritorious.
digredior digredi digressus : to depart, deviate, digress.
digressio : separation, departure, digression.
digressus : separation, departure, digression.
dilabor : to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.
dilato : to spread out, extend, expand, increase.
dilgenter : attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.
diligens : diligent, careful.
diligentia : diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.
diligo : to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.
diluculo : dawn, daybreak.
diluo : (of troubles) to remove, resolve.
dimidium : half.
dimitto : to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon.
directus : plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.
diripio : to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.
diripio : to separate, tear apart / pillage, devastate, lay waste.
dirunitas : long duration.
diruo : to demolish, destroy, ruin.
discedo : (discessum ) : to break up, depart, go away, pass away.
discidium : separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.
discipulus : disciple, student, learner, pupil.
disco : to learn, become acquainted with.
discrepo : to differ, to be different, vary, disagree.
dispono : to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).
disputatio : debate, dispute, discussion.
disputo : discuss.
dissero : to examine, treat of, discuss.
dissimilis : unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.
dissimulo : to ignore, leave unnoticed.
dissimulo : to conceal, disguise, keep secret.
dissolutus : lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.
distinguo : to mark off, distinguish, divide / separate.
distribuo : to distribute, divide.
districtus (fr. distringo) : strict, severe / hesitating / busy.
distulo :(past) to delay [MGHss 25 : 268].
dito : to enrich, make wealthy.
diu : by day, for a long time, a long time ago.
diu : adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.
diutinus : lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.
diutius : longer, too long (a period of time).
diuturnus : lasting a long time, of long duration.
diversus : different, unlike, opposed, hostile.
dives : rich, opulent, wealthy.
divinitus : divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.
divinus : divine, sacred.
divitiae divitie : riches, wealth.
do dare dedi datum : to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.
doceo docui doctum : to instruct, teach, tutor.
doctor : teacher.
doctrina : doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.
doctus : taught, instructed, learned, tutored.
dolens : painfully.
doleo : to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.
dolor : pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.
dolose : slyly, deceitfully.
dolosus : crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.
dolus : fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.
domesticus : domestic, civil.
domina domina : lady, mistress.
dominatus : rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.
dominus domino : master, lord.
domito : to tame, subdue, break in.
domus : house, home, residence.
donec : up to the time when, until, as long as, while.
donum : gift, present, donation.
dormio : to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.
dubito : to doubt, hesitate.
dubium : doubt, hesitation, reservation.
duco : to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.
duco : to lead, draw, esteem, consider.
duco : to draw, shape, construct / (time) spend, delay.
duco : to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.
duco : to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.
dudum : for a long while, a long while ago, some time age.
dulcedo : sweetness, pleasantness, charm.
dulcidine : sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.
dulcis : sweet, pleasant, agreeable.
dulcitudo dulcitudinis : dum : while, as long as, until.
dummodo : (conj. + subj.) provided
dumtaxat : at least, not less than / at most, not more than.
duo : two
duro: to harden, last, endure.
durus : hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.
Dusiol petram : Duissenpierre.
dux ducis : leader, guide, commander, general, duke.


eatenus : so far, thus far, up to then.
ebullio : to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.
ecclesia : church.
econtra : the same as contra: against, opposite, etc.
ecquando : at any time? ever?
edico : to announce, declare.
editio : the publishing of a book, an announcement.
edo : put forth, give out.
edo edi essum : to eat, consume, devour, waste.
edoceo : to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.
educo : to draw out, lead out, march out / bring up, rear / sue.
effectus : doing, execution, performance, effect, result.
effero extuli elatum : to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.
effervo : to boil up.
efficio : to do, produce, effect, make / bring about, cause / prove.
effringo effrego : break, break open.
effugio : (effugi effugiturus ) : flee from, escape, elude, run away.
effundo : to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.
egenus : in want of, in need of, destitute.
egeo : to need, lack, want, be without.
ego : I ; I can’t live without you, baby.
egredior : (egressus ) : to go out, leave, depart, exit.
eicio eiectum : to throw out, eject, drive out.
elatus : puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.
electus : chosen, select.
elementum : first principle, element, basic constituent.
elemosina : alms
elemosinarius : almoner, person in charge of providing charity.
eligo : to pick out, select, choose.
eloquens : eloquent, persuasive, fluent.
eloquentia : eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.
eluo : to wash out, rinse cleanse / squander, waste.
eluvies : a flowing over, flood, innundation.
eluvio : inundation.
emanio : to flow out, spread / arise, emanate, originate.
emendo : to amend, correct
emercor : to buy up.
emerio : to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.
emineo : to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.
eminor : to threaten, menace.
eminus : at a distance, from a distance.
emiror : to wonder at exceedingly.
emo emi emptum : to buy, purchase.
emoveo : to move away, remove, take away.
emptio : a buying, a purchase.
enim : for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted)
enumero : to count, count up, enumerate.
eo ire itum : to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.
episcopalis : episcopal
episcopus : bishop
epistula : letter, epistle, missive, message.
epulo : sumptuous food, banquet, feast.
epulor : to feast, feast on.
eques equitis : horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).
equidem : (adv) indeed, truly, for my part.
equitatus : cavalry, horsemen (classical).
equus : horse, steed, mount.
erepo : to creep out, creep over, creep up.
erga : (+ acc.) toward, about.
ergo : (gen. +) on account of, because of.
ergo : (adv.) accordingly, then, therefore.
eripio : (eripui ereptum ) : to snatch away, take away, rescue.
erogo : to pay out.
erogo : to pay out, expend, disburse.
erro : to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.
error : error, mistake, going astray.
erubesco : to blush, grow red, be ashamed.
erubesco : (+ inf.) to blush to, (+acc.) blush for, respect.
erudio : to instruct, teach, educate.
eruo : to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.
esurio : to be hungry, to hunger.
et … et : both … and.
etenim : for indeed.
etiam : (adv.) even, also.
etsi : (acsi) even if, although.
evenio : to come to pass, happen, befall.
eventus : consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.
everto : to turn out, eject, dislodge, overturn / destroy, ruin.
evito : to shun, avoid; also, to kill.
evoco : to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.
ex : (= e ) : (prep. + abl.) out of, from within, from / on account of.
exaequo exequo : to be like, equal / make level or even, relate.
excedo : (trans.) to exceed, leave, pass beyond.
excellentia : excellence, merit, worth.
excessum : departure, death, digression.
excipio : (excepi exceptum ) : to take out, except / take, capture.
excito : call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.
exclamo : to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.
excludo : to shut out, exclude.
excolo : to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.
excrucio : to torment, torture, cause great pain.
excusatio : excuse.
excuso : to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.
exemplar : model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.
exemplum : pattern, model, example .
exerceo : to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.
exercitus : army.
exertus : tested, tried, approved, experienced.
exesto : extra esto.
exheredo : to disinherit.
exheres : disinherited.
exhibeo exibeo : to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.
exhibeo : to show, present, allow, display, present, offer.
exhilaro : to make cheerful.
exhorresco : to be horrified, to shake, shudder / dread, tremble at.
exigo : drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.
exigo : complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.
exilis : thin, slender, meager.
eximietate : uncommonness, excellence.
eximius : extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.
eximo : to free, release, take out, remove, waste.
exinde : thence, next / thereupon, after that, then / accordingly.
exitiabilis exitialis exitosus : fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.
exitium : destruction, ruin.
exitus : going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.
exordium : the beginning (especially of a speech).
exorior : to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.
exoro : to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.
exorsus : begun.
expedio : to release, set free, clear, set straight.
expedio : to free from a snare, disentangle, set free, ready.
expello (expuli expulsum ) : to drive out, expel, force out, banish.
experior (experiri, expertus ) : to try, test, experience, prove.
expers : wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.
expetens : desirous, eager.
expeto : to fall upon.
expeto : to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.
expilatio : plundering, taking booty.
expiscor : to fish out, find out, discover.
expleo : to make losses good / fulfil, discharge (duties).
expleo explevi expletum : to fill, fill up, complete, finish.
expletio : satisfying.
expletus : (part.) perfect, complete.
explicatus: explanation, exposition.
explico : to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.
expono (exposui expositum ) : to set forth, explain, expose.
expositus : open, accessible, exposed.
expostulo : to demand earnestly / to make a claim.
expugno : to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.
exquisitus : sought after, exquisite, excellent, fine, delicate.
exsequor exequor : to follow to the grave, follow to the end.
exsequor : to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.
exsequor : to execute, avenge, punish / relate, describe, explain.
exsertus exertus : project, thrust forward.
exsilium : exile, banishment.
exspecto : to look for, expect, await, wait for.
exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum : to extinguish, put out.
exsto : to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.
externus : outer, foreign, outside, external.
extollo : to praise exaggerate / decorate, adorn.
extollo : to lift up, raise up, erect / elevate, exalt.
extorqueo : to twist, wrench, dislocate / extort by force.
extra : (prep. + acc.) beyond, outside.
extremus : outermost, last, extreme.
exturbo : to drive away, thrust out.
exulto : to exult, be joyful.
exuro, exussum : burn down, burn, set on fire.
exustio : burning up, conflagration.


nam : namque : (conj.) for.
Namucense : Namur.
narro : to make known, say, speak, narrate.
nascor nasci natus : to be born, spring forth.
natalis natalis : birthday.
natio : nation, people.
natura : nature
nauta : sailor.
navigatio : voyage, navigation.
navigo : to sail, navigate.
navis navis : ship, vessel, boat.
ne … quidem : not … even.
ne : (conj.) that … not, in order that … not, in order not to.
necdum (neque dum) : and not yet.
necessarius : necessary, needed, essential.
necesse : (adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.
necne : or not.
neco : to kill, slay, put to death.
nefas : wrong, sin.
nego : to deny.
negotium : employment, business, task, occupation, pains.
nemo : no one, nobody.
neo : to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).
nepos nepotis : grandson.
nequam : worthless, good for nothing, bad.
nequaquam : by no means, not at all.
neque … neque : neither … nor.
neque nec : and not, nor.
nequeo : not to be able, to be impossible.
nequitia nequities : worthlessness, badness, wickedness.
nescio : to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unknowing.
nichilominus : nevertheless.
nidor : vapor, smell, reek, odor.
niger : black.
nihil : (undeclinable) nothing
nihilum : nothing.
nimirum : of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).
nimis : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively
nimium : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.
nisi : if not, unless, except.
niteo : to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.
nitesco : to begin to shine, grow sleek.
nitor : to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.
nitor : to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.
nitor : brilliance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.
Nivellensem : Nivelles, city and monastery.
niveus : white, snowy.
no: (nare, navi) : to swim, float, fly, sail.
nobis : (abl.) us / there’ll be no one as happy as US.
nobis : (dat.) us / the world belongs to US.
nocens : bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.
noceo : (+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.
nolo, nolle, nolui : to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.
nomen : name / nomen Romanorum: Roman power.
nominatim : by name, expressly.
nomine tenus : nominally, in name.
nomine tenus nominetenus : as far as the meaning of the word extends.
non : not.
nondum : not yet
nonnisi : not? not unless? Herimann, cap. 34.
nonnullus : some / pl. several.
nonnumquam : sometimes.
nonus : ninth.
nos : we / WE live and die by that creed.
nos : us / they tried to tell US we’re too young.
nosco : to become acquainted with, get to know.
noster nostra nostrum : our, ours.
noster nostri : our ours / OUR hearts beat as one.
noster nostri : our ours / that old dream of OURS
nota : mark, token, note, sign.
notarius : stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.
novem : nine.
novitas : newness, novelty, strangeness.
novo : to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.
novus : novel, unusual, extraordinary / news, novelty, a new thing
novus : new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.
nox noctis : night.
nullus : not any, no, none.
numerus : total, category, class, number.
numquam : adv. at no time, never.
nunc quidem : at one time … then.
nunc : now, at the present time.
nunquam : never.
nuntio : to announce, report, relate.
nuntius : messenger, message.
nuper : newly, recently, not long ago.
nusquam esse : not to exist.
nusquam : nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.
nutrimens : food, nourishment.
nutrimentus : nourishment.
nutrio : to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.
nutus : a nodding, nod, command, will.
nutus : a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down.


obdormio : to fall asleep.
obduro : to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.
obicio obieci obiectum : to offer, throw in someone’s teeth.
obligatus : bound, under an obligation.
obliquo : to turn sideways, turn aside.
oblittero : to cancel, blot out.
oblivio : forgetfulness, oblivion.
obruo : to overwhelm, destroy.
obsequium : indulgence, pliancy, submission.
obstinatus : firm, resolved, staunch.
obtestor : to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.
obtineo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain / to continue.
obviam ire : (+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose / help, remedy.
obviam : on the way, in the way / (+ dat.) towards, against.
obvius : on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.
occasio : favorable moment, opportunity.
occido occidi occasum : to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.
occulto : secretly.
occupo : to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.
occurro : to fall upon, attack, work against, counteract.
occursus : meeting, falling in, running into each other.
ocius : quick. fleet, sooner, faster.
oculus : eye.
odio : to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.
odium : hatred.
offensio : striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.
offero : to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.
officina : workshop, factor.
officium : duty, service, job.
olim : at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.
omitto : to omit, leave out / let go.
omnigenus : of all kinds.
omnino : altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.
omnipotens : all-powerful, almighty, omnipotent
omnis : all, every.
onero : to load, burden, oppress, fill up.
onus : load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.
opera : work, pains, labor.
operor : to work, labor, toil, take pains.
opes : (pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.
opinio : opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.
opisthotonos : A disease where the body is curved backward.
oporotheca : place for keeping fruit.
oportet : it is proper, one should, one ought.
oportunitas : convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.
oppono opposui oppositum : to set against, oppose, be opposite.
opportune : (adv) opportunely, conveniently.
opportunitas : fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.
opportunitatus : Herimann, cap. 42.
opportunus : opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.
opportunus : fit, suitable / (time) favorable / (+dat.) liable to.
opprimo oppressi oppressum : to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.
opprobrium : reproach, disgrace.
oppugno : to fight against, attack, assault, assail.
ops : singular: power, power to aid, power to help.
optimates : the aristocratic party.
optimus: one of the best, aristocrat, noble.
opto : to desire, wish for, want.
opus operis : work, labor, work done, completed work, building.
oratio : speech, address, oration.
orator : orator, speaker.
orbis terrarum : the world, the Earth.
orbis : circle, orb.
ordinatio : rule, government, order, arrangment, regulation.
ordine, ordinem : regularly, appropriately, properly.
ordo : rank, class, order.
orior oriri ortus : rise, become visible, appear.
ornatus : dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.
orno : to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.
oro : to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.
os, oris : mouth, face, countenance.
ostendo : show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.
ostium : entrance, door.
otium : free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.
otium : ease, leisure, inactivity.
ovis ovis : sheep.


paciscor : to make an agreement, covenant, pact.
paciscor : to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.
pactum : treaty, pact, contract.
pactum : agreement, contract, covenant, pact.
pactus : agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.
paene, pene : nearly, almost.
paganus : countryman, peasant, pagan.
pala : spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.
palam : openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.
palea : chaff.
pallium : coverlet, mantle, cloak.
palma : palm.
pando : to stretch out, spread out, extent.
panis panis : bread.
par : equal, like.
paratus : prepared, ready, provided, equipped.
paratus : prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.
paratus : preparation, fitting out, equipment.
parco : (with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.
parco : (+inf.: to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.
parens parentis : parent.
pareo : (+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.
paries parietis : wall
parilis : similar, like, equal.
pario : to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.
pariter : equally, in like manner, as well.
paro : to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / buy.
pars partis : part, share / direction.
partim : partly / some.
parum minus minime : (adv.) little, too little, not enough.
parvus minor minimus : small, little
pasco : to graze, forage, browse.
passer : sparrow.
passim : adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.
patefacio : to disclose, expose, open, make open.
pateo : to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.
pater patris : father.
paternus : of a father, paternal, native.
patiens : patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.
patientia : patience, suffering, endurance.
patior : to suffer, endure, permit.
patria : fatherland, one’s native country, homeland.
patrocinor : to protect, defend, support, patronize.
patronus : patron, protector.
patruus : paternal uncle.
pauci : few, a few, some.
paulatim : gradually, little by little.
pauper : beggar, person without means.
pauper : poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.
paupertas : beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.
pax pacis : peace
peccatus : sin.
pecco : to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.
pecto : to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).
pectus pectoris : heart, breast.
pecunia : money.
pecus : a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.
peior : worse (see malus).
pello pepulli pulsum : to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.
pendeo : to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.
pendo : to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.
penitus : inward, inner, interior.
penitus : (adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.
penus, us : provender, supplies, victuals.
pepulo : ? Herimann, cap. 3.
per : (+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.
per : (+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.
per : (+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.
per : (+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.
peracto : to carry through, complete, accomplish.
peragro : to wander through, travel through.
percipio percepi perceptum : to gain, learn, perceive, understand.
percontor percunctor : inquire, interrogate, investigate.
perculsus : a shock.
percutio (percussum) : to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.
perdignus : very worthy.
perdo : to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.
perduco : to lead through, conduct, carry through.
peregrinus : wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.
pereo : to pass away, be destroyed, perish.
perfectus : complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.
perfero : to bear, suffer, endure.
perficio perfeci perfectum: to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.
perfruor : to execute completely, enjoy to the full.
perfusus : steeped, soaked, drenched.
pergo : to continue, proceed, go on with.
periclitatus : put in peril, endangered.
periclitor : to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.
periculosus : hazardous, dangerous.
periculum : danger, risk.
perimo peremi peremptum : to destroy
peritus : skilled, expert.
periurium : perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.
perlustro : to pass through, survey, look, examine.
permitto permissi permissum : to allow, permit, let.
permoveo : to excite, agitate, stir up, move.
perniciosus : pernicious, destructive.
perperam : wrongly, falsely.
perpetro : to complete, accomplish, perform.
perpetuus : perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.
perscitus : very clever, exceedingly sharp.
perscribo : to write out, write down, place on record.
perseco : to cut through, dissect, cut away.
persequor persequi persecutus : to follow, pursue, take revenge.
perseverantia : perseverance, persistence.
persevero : to persist, persevere, continue.
persisto : to persist, persevere.
persolvo : to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.
personam gero : to act a part.
perspicuus : transparent, bright, clear, evident.
persuadeo persuasi persuasum : (+ dat.) to persuade.
perterreo : to terrify.
pertimesco : to become very much afraid.
pertinacia : firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.
pertinaciter : stubbornly, obstinately.
pertinax : persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinate
pertineo : to pertain to, relate to, concern.
pertingo : to stretch out, extend.
pertorqueo : to twist, distort.
pertraho : to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.
perturbo : to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.
perturpis : very disgraceful.
peruro perussi perustum : to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.
pervalidus : very strong.
pervenio : (+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.
perverto perverti perversum : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.
pervideo pervidi pervisum : to look over, survey, inspect, discern.
pes pedis : foot.
pessimus : worst (see malus)
pessum do: to destroy, ruin, wreck
pessum ire: to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.
pessum : to the ground, to the bottom, downward.
pestifer : pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,
pestifere : destructively, injuriously.
pestis pestis : plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.
petitus : inclining toward
peto : to make for, go to, seek, strive after.
peto : to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.
Pevela : Pevle, near Cisoing.
pharetra : a quiver.
phasma phasmatis : ghost, spirit, specter.
phitonicum : Herimann p. 275.
pia pium : honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.
pica : jay, magpie.
picea : the spruce tree
pictor : painter
pictoratus : painted / of cloth, embroidered.
piger pigra pigrum : lazy, slow, dull.
pignus : pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges of
piper, piperis : pepper.
pipio : to chirp, tweet, pipe.
pirum : pear.
pirus : pear tree.
piscator : fisherman.
piscis piscis : fish.
pius: dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.
placeo : (+ dat.) to please, be agreeable to
placet : it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.
placide : quitely, gently.
placidus : quiet, still, gentle.
placitum : judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.
placitum : accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.
placo : to placate, appease.
plaga : district, zone, region.
plagiarius : kid-napper, plagiarist
plane : plainly, clearly.
plango planxi plactum : to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.
platea : street, courtyard.
plaustrum : wagon, cart, charles Wain.
plebs plebis : the common people, the masses, the crowd.
plecto : to punish.
plector : to be punished.
plene : (adv.) completely, wholly, fully.
plenus : full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.
plerumque : for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.
plerusque : very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.
plico : to fold.
plorabilis : deplorable.
plorator : a lamenter.
ploratus : weeping, lamenting.
ploro : to lament, weep, weep over.
pluit pluvit : it is raining, a shower is falling.
pluma : feather / featherbed / pen.
plumbeus : leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.
plumbum album : tin.
plumbum : lead, a bullet, lead pipe.
pluo : to rain, shower, sprinkle.
plura : more numerous, several, many.
plures : more numerous, several, many.
plurimi : at the highest price, of the highest worth.
plurimus : most, very many.
pluris : (gen.) at a higher price, of a great value
plus : more.
plusculus : somewhat more, rather more.
pluvia : rain, shower.
pluvialis : pertaining to rain, of rain.
pocius potius : rather, preferably.
poema poematis : poem, verse, rhyme.
poena : pain, punishment, penalty / poena dare : to pay the penalty.
poeta : (masc.) poet.
polenta : pearl barley, barley groats.
pollen : (also pollis ): fine flour, fine meal.
polleo : to be strong, powerful, able.
pollex : thumb, big toe.
polliceor : to promise, offer.
pollicitus : promised, a promise.
pomum : fruit, apple.
pono posui positum : to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.
pons pontis : bridge.
poposco : see posco : Herimann, cap. 28, 69.
populus : people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.
porro : forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.
porta : gate, entrance.
posco : to call upon, ask earnestly, request.
positus : position, place, arrangment.
possessio : possession, property.
possum posse potum : to be able, avail, have influence.
post : (+ acc.) after, behind.
postea : afterwards.
posteri : posterity.
posterus, postremo : subsequent, following, next, future.
posthabeo : [posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.
postpono : to put after, consider secondary.
postquam : (conj.) after.
postulo : to ask.
potens : able, mighty, powerful, strong.
potestas : power, ability, authority / opportunity.
potior : (+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.
potissimum : (adv.) chiefly, most of all.
potissimus : best of all, chief, principal.
potius : rather, preferably
prae dulcis / pre dulcis : exceedingly sweet.
prae se ferre / pre se ferre : to show, exhibit, on account of.
prae quam / pre quam : in comparison with.
prae pre : (prep. with abl.) before,
prae pre : (adv.) before, in front.
praebeo prebeo : to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.
praebeo prebeo : (+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.
praecedo precedo : to precede, go before / surpass, excel.
praecelsus precelsus : exceedingly high.
praecepio precepio : precept, preconception.
praeceptum preceptum : precept.
praecido : to cut short, lop, mutilate.
praecipio, precipio : to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.
praecipuus precipuus: excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.
praeclarus preclarus : excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.
praeconor preconor : to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.
praecox precox : ripe beforehand, premature.
praeda preda : plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.
praedico predico : to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.
praeeo preeo : to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.
praefero prefero : to carry in front, display, prefer.
praefero prefero : anticipate, carry by, ride by.
praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum : to put in charge of
praefinio prefinio : to appoint ahead of time
praefoco prefoco : to choke, suffocate.
praegravo pregravo : to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.
praemitto : to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.
praemium premium : reward, prize.
praemo premo : to press down, strike down.
praenuntio, prenuntio : to foretell, announce before hand.
praenuntius prenuncius : foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.
praepono prepono : to set over, prefer.
praepositus prepositus : (monastic) prior.
praeproperus, preproperus: over-hasty, precipitate.
praesentia presentia : presence, presence of mind, effect, power.
praesentia presencia : power, effect.
praesidium presidium : guard, garrison, detachment / protection.
praestans prestans : excellent, distinguished, imminent.
praestantia prestantia: superiority, excellence.
praesto : to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.
praesto presto : to answer for, be responsible for.
praesto presto : to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.
praesul presul : dancer / presider, protector, director.
praesum presum : to be at the head of, be in charge of.
praesumo presumo : to anticipate, take for granted.
praeter : adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.
praeterea preterea : besides, further, hereafter.
praetereo pretereo : to pass over, pass by, omit.
praeteritus preteritus : past.
praetermissio pretermissio : neglect, passing over, omission.
praetorgredior pretergredior : to pass beyond, go beyond.
praevenio, prevenio : to come before, anticipate.
praevenio : get the start of.
pravitas : crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.
preastolatio prestolatio : the waiting for, expectation.
precipio : to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.
precipue : chiefly, especially, particularly.
precor : to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.
prehendo : to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.
premo pressi pressum : to squeeze, press down, strike down.
prenda : booty, loot, stolen goods.
pretereo : to go by, pass by, escape.
pretium : price, value, reward.
prevenire : to come to, go before hand, attend.
prex precis : request, entreaty, prayer.
primitus : first, for the first time.
primo : first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.
primoris : first, foremost / most distinguished, first.
primum : quam primum : as soon as possible.
primum : at first, for the first time, in the first place.
princeps : chief, prince.
principatus : rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.
principium : beginning.
prior prius : former, prior.
priores, um : forefathers, ancestors.
priscus : ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.
pristinus : former, venerable, ancient.
prius : before, formerly.
priusquam : (conj.) before.
privatus : private, unofficial, a private person.
privigna : step-daughter.
privo : to deprive
privus : (with gen.) deprived of.
pro eo : because of the fact, because, for this reason..
pro : (+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, as.
pro : (+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.
probitas : probity, uprightness, honesty.
probo : to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.
procedo : to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.
procedo : to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.
procella : storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.
procella : storm, tempest, gale.
procer : chief noble, prince.
procinctu : prepared or ready for battle.
procul : far, at, to, from a distance.
procurator : manager, bailiff, agent.
prodigiosus : unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.
proditor : traitor, betrayer.
proelium : battle.
profecto : truly, really, indeed.
profero : to carry out, bring forth.
proficio : to make progress, advance.
proficio : advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.
proficiscor : to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.
proficuus : proficiscor : to start forward, set out, depart, arise.
profiteor: to make a public statement / to declare oneself.
profiteor: to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.
profor profari profatus : to speak out.
profugus : fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.
profundo frofui profusum : to pour forth, gush, stream.
profundum : a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.
profundus : deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.
progener : husband of a grand-daughter.
progenero : to produce, engender.
progenies : descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.
progenitor : founder of a family, ancestor.
progigno progenui progenitum : to engender, bring forth.
prognatus : born, sprung from / son.
progredior : to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.
progressio : advance, progress, increase.
progressus : advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.
prohibeo : to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.
prohibitio : prohibition, restrain, forbidding.
proicio : to throw forth, fling, abandon.
proinde ut: proinde quam: just as.
proinde quasi proinde ac si : just as if.
proinde : consequently, therefore, as a result.
prolabor : to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.
prolapsio : a slipping or sliding.
prolatio : a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.
prolato : to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.
prolecto : to entice, allure.
proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants : fruit).
proletarius : a citizen of the lowest rank.
prolicio prolixi : to lure forth, entice.
prolix : long, stretching.
prolixus : wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.
proloquor : to speak out, declare openly.
proluo prolu prolutum : to wash away, wash clean.
prolusio : preliminary exercise, prelude.
proluvier : inundation / scouring / discharge.
promereo promereor : to deserve, merit
promeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio : a promise.
prominens : jutting out, standing out / a projection.
promineo : to stand out, jut, extend.
promisce promiscue : indiscriminately.
promiscus promiscuus : mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.
promissio : a promise
promissor : a promiser, suretor, guarantor.
promitto : to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.
promitto : to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.
promo prompsi promptum : to produce, disclose, bring forth.
promontorium : peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.
promoveo promovi promotum : push forward, move ahead, advance.
prompte : promptly, resolutely, readily.
promptu : in promptu habere : to have read, display, have on show.
promptu : in promptu ponere : to make clear, reveal, disclose.
promptu : in promptu esse : to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.
promptus : (persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.
promptus : ready at hand, visible, apparent.
promulgatio : publication, promulgation (of a law).
promus : steward, butler.
promutuus : (cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.
pronepos proneptos : great-grandson
pronuntio : to proclaim, announce, declaim.
prope : near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.
prope : near, near to, not far, not long from now.
propello : to drive before one, drive away.
propero : to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.
propero : to hasten / accelerate, speed up.
propinquo : (intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.
propinquus : near, close, similar, nearly related.
propono : display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.
propositum : a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.
proprie : exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.
proprius : one’s own, special, characteristic, particular.
proprius : one’s own, permanent, special, peculiar.
propter : (+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.
propugnaculum : fortification, rampart, defense.
prorsus : forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.
prosequor (prosecutus) : to attack, go with, pursue, attend.
prosper : favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.
prosperitas : prosperity, good fortune.
prosum (profuturus) : to be useful, of benefit, do good.
prosum : to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).
prosum : (with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.
protestor, protesto : to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.
protinus : forward, further on, continuously, immediately.
protraho (protractus): to draw out, protract, defer, make known.
prout : just as, according to.
provectus : advanced, advanced in age.
proveho : to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,
proventus : a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.
provideo : to foresee, provide, make provision for.
provisor : one who provides for, or against.
provolvere se : to throw oneself down, abase oneself.
proximus : nearest, closest, next.
prudens : prudent, wise.
prudenter : wisely, discreetly.
prudentia : foresight, wisdom, discretion.
Pruma : Prums.
publicus : of the people, public, open to all.
puchre : beautifully, finely, handsomely.
pudendus : shameful, disgraceful.
pudeo : to be ashamed,
pudicus : modest. chaste.
pudor : modesty, bashfulness.
puella : girl.
puer : boy.
puerilis : childish, boyish, foolish.
pueriliter : boyishly, childishly, foolishly.
puga pyga : buttocks.
pugna : fight, battle, conflict, set-to.
pugnacitas : the desire to fight, pugnacity.
pugnaculum : fortress.
pugnax : fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.
pugno : to fight.
pugnus : the fist.
pulchellus : pretty.
pulcher pulchra pulchrum : beautiful, handsome, fine.
pulchritudo pulchritudinis : beauty, fineness.
pulex : the flea.
pullulo : shoot up, sprout, burgeon.
pullus : dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.
pullus : young animal / chicken, chick.
pulmentum : anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.
pulmo : the lung.
pulpa : flesh.
pulpitum : platform, stage.
pulso : to strike (the hours)
pulsus : beating, blow, push, influence.
pulsus : beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.
pulvis : dust, powder / arena, scene of action.
pumilius pumilio : a dwarf.
punctum : a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.
pungo pupugi punctum : to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.
pungo pupugi punctum : to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.
puniceus : purple, red.
punio : to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.
punitor : punisher, avenger.
pupa : doll / little girl.
pupillus pupilla : orphan, ward.
puppis : stern of a ship, the poop.
pupula : pupil of the eye.
purgamentum : rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.
purgatio: cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.
purgo : to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.
purpura : purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.
purus : pure, free from.
pusillus : tiny, puny / petty, mean.
putator : pruner.
puteo : to stink, be redolent, smell bad.
puter : rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.
putesco : to putrefy, day, rot.
puteus : well, pit.
puto : to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.
putus : pure, unmixed, unadulterated.
pyropus : bronze.
pyus pyxidis : a little box, casket.


qua : (adv.) by which route, where.
qua : (fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.
quadraginta : forty (indecl.)
quadratus : square, a square.
quadrigae : four-horse team.
quadrivium : second stage of the medieval curriculum
quadrivium : crossroads, place where four roads meet.
quadrum : a square
quadruplator : an exaggerator, informer
quadruplor : to be an informant.
quae : (neut. pl. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.
quae que : (fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.
quae : (neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must have
quae : (fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear ..
quaero quero : to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search for
quaero quero : to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.
quaesitio quesitio : investigation, interrogation.
quaeso queso : to seek for, ask for.
quaestio questio : seeking, searching / inquiry, investigation.
quaestuosus questuosus : profitable, fond of gain, rich.
quaestus questus : profit, a source of profit, gaining, getting.
qualis : of what kind? of the kind that.
qualiscumque : of any kind whatever, any whatever.
qualislibet : of what sort you will.
qualitas : quality, property.
qualiter : as, just as.
quam plures : as many as possible.
quam : (adv. and conj.) how, than, as … as possible.
quam : (fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.
quamdiu : such a long time.
quamobrem, quam ob rem : wherefore? why? for which reason.
quamquam : nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence) / though.
quamtotius : ? completely.
quamvis : (conj) however much, although / as much as you like.
quando : (interr.) when si quando : if ever.
quandoquidem : since, because.
quanti : for how much, at what price.
quanto : by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.)
quantocius quantotius : the soon the better.
quantocius quantotius : as quickly as possible.
quantum in me est : as much as in me lies.
quantum : (+ gen.) as much of … as.
quantum : how much?, how much!, as much as.
quantus … quantus : as great as, as much as.
quantus : how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.
quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque : however great
quantuslibet : as much as you will, as great as you will.
quantuvis : as great as you please, however great.
quapropter : wherefore.
quare : wherefore, why, because of which thing.
quartus : fourth.
quarum : (fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.
quas : (fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggled
quasi : as if, just as, just as if, as it were / a sort of
quassatio : a shaking.
quasso : to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter..
quatenus / quatinus : since, as, in order that, that.
quatenus / quatinus : how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.
quater : four times / again and again.
quattuor : four (indecl.)
quem : (masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.
quemadmodum : how, in what manner.
queo : to be able.
quercetum : an oak grove, and oak forest.
quercus : oak tree.
quereia querella : complaint, complaining.
queribundus : complaining, plaintive, whining.
querimonia : complaint, a charge in court.
queritor : to complain excessively, whine, gripe.
quernus : oaken.
queror : to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.
querulus : complaining, whining, lamenting.
qui quae que quod : which, what, that.
qui : (masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see …
qui : (masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaid
quia : because.
quibus : (neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.
quibus : (fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.
quibus : (neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.
quibus : (masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was interred.
quibus : (masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when old
quibus : (fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.
quicquid : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.
quid : (neut. of quis ) : what
quidam quaedam quedam quidam : a certain person or thing, / kind of.
quidem : indeed, certainly, at least / ne … quidem : not … even.
quies quietis : quiet, rest, peace.
quilibet : anyone, anything.
quin etiam : why even, in fact, moreover.
quin : but come now, rather, indeed,
quinam quaenam quenam quodnam : which? what?
quingenti : five hundred.
quinquennis : five years old.
quippe : certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.
quisnam, quidnam : who, what.
quisquam : anyone, anything.
quisque : each one, each person.
quisquis : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.
quo : to which place, to what place, whither, where.
quo : (masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.
quo : (neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.
quod : because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.
quod : (with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.
quod : (beginning sentence) and, but, now.
quod : (neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.
quod : (neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.
quodammodo : in a certain way, in a certain measure.
quomodo : in what manner, how / in whatever way, somehow.
quondam : formerly, once, at one time, erstwhile.
quoniam : since, whereas, because.
quoque : also, too.
quorum : (neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.
quorum : (masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.
quos : (masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.
quot : how many, as many (indecl.).
quotiens : often.
quotienscumque : however often.
quovis : to whatever place you will.


radicitus : by the roots, utterly.
rapio rapui ratum : to seize, snatch, carry away.
rarus : rare, uncommon.
ratio : system, manner, method, procedure, manner.
ratio : reckoning, account / reason, judgment, consideration.
re vera : in truth.
recedo : to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.
recipio recepi receptum : to go back, retire, recede, retreat.
recito : to read aloud, recite.
recognosco : to recognize, recollect, recall.
recolo : to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.
recolo : to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitate
recolo : reflect upon, consider, recall.
reconcilio : to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.
recondo : lay up, store, hoard.
recordatio : recollection, memory, recall.
recordor : to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.
recro : to recreate, restore, revive.
rectum : virtue, right
rectus : right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.
recuperatio : recovery, recuperation.
recupero : to regain, recoup, recover.
recuso : to refuse.
redarguo : refute, disprove, contradict.
redarguo : disprove, refute. With gen. prove guilty, convict.
reddo : to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.
reddo : to give back, restore, return, answer, translate, render.
redemptio : ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.
redemptor : redeemer (Christ).
redeo : to go back, come back, return / (revenue) to come in.
redeo : to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.
redigo (redactum) : to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.
redono : to give back, give up.
reduco : to lead back, bring back, return.
redundantia : overflowing, redundancy.
redundo : to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.
refectorium : refectory, monastic mess hall.
refero : to bring back a message, refer.
reformo : to form again, mould anew.
regina : queen.
regius : royal, regal.
regnum : rule, authority, kingdom, realm.
rego rexi rectum : to guide, direct, to rule.
regula : rule / monastic rule.
relaxo : to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.
relego relegi relectum : to read again, re-read.
relevo : to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.
relictus : (fr. relinquo) having inherited, been bequeathed.
relinquo : to leave behind, bequeath / abandon, forsake.
reliquum : remainder, what is left, leavings.
relucesco : to become bright again.
reluctor : to struggle against, resist.
remando : to send back word.
remaneo : to stay behind, remain, continue.
remaneo : to remain behind, stay, continue.
rememdium : cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.
removeo : to draw back, set aside, take away.
remuneror : to repay, reward.
renuntio : to declare, announce, report, give notice.
renuo : to deny, refuse, reject.
rependo : to ransom, pay back, requite.
repens : sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.
repente : suddenly, unexpectedly.
repere : to crawl.
reperio : to get again, find, ascertain, discover, invent.
repetitio : repetition.
repeto : to seek again, ask back.
repeto : to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.
repleo : to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.
repletus : filled, full.
repo repsi reptum : to creep, crawl.
repono : to deposit, lay up, store / requite.
reprehendo : to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.
repugno : to fight against, oppose, resist / be incompatible with.
requiesco requievi requietum : to rest.
requiro : to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.
res rei : thing, matter, business, affair.
res publica : commonwealth, state, republic, public business.
resisto : to resist, make a stand, oppose.
respicio : to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.
respondeo respondi responsum : to answer, reply, respond.
restituo : restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.
resumo (resumpsi, resumptum) : to renew, repeat, resume.
retineo : to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.
retraho retraxi retractum : to draw back, pull back.
retribuo : to give again, give as due.
reus : defendant, accused, answerable, bound.
revenio : to come back, return.
reverto : to go back, return, revert.
revertor reverti reversus : to return, come back.
revoco : to call back, recover, refer, revoke.
revolvo : to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.
rex rgis : king.
rhetor : rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.
rhetoricus : rhetorical.
rideo risi risum : to laugh at, laugh.
rigor : stiffness, hardness, sternness.
ritus : usage, ceremony, rite.
rogo eum ut +subjunctive : to ask someone to do something.
rogo : to ask, ask for.
rostrum : bill of a bird, beak.
rota : wheel.
Rotomagense : Rouen.
rotundus : wheel-shaped, round.
rubor : redness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.
rudimentum : trial, attempt, essay.
rumor : rumor, gossip.
ruo rui rutum : to rush, fall, be ruined.
rursus : on the other hand, in return, back, again.
rus ruris : the country, countryside, rural area.
rusticus : rustic, rural / peasant.

sabbatum : sabbath.
sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.
sacrificum : sacrifice.
sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.
saepe sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.
saepe sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.
saepenumero : repeated, again and again.
saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.
saeta : hair.
saeta equina : horse-hair.
saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.
sal salis : salt, wit.
salsus : salty, witty.
saltem : at least, at all events.
salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.
saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.
salutor : visitor, caller.
salveo : to be well, be in good health.
salvus : safe, sound.
sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.
sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.
sanctimonialis : nun.
Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.
Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.
sanctus : holy, sacred, / saint.
Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.
sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.
sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.
sano : to heal.
Santiago : St. James.
sanus : sound, healthy, sane.
sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.
sapiens : wise, judicious.
sapienter : wisely, judiciously.
sapientia : wisdom.
sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.
satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.
satago : have one’s hands full, have enough to do.
satio : to satisfy, sate.
satis : enough, sufficient / sufficiently.
sato : to sow, plant.
satura : satire.
saturo : to fill, satisfy.
scaber : scabby, rough.
scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.
Scaldus : Scheldt.
scamnum : bench, stool.
scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vessel
sceleratus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.
scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.
scelestus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.
scelus sceleris : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.
schola : school / elite troop of soldiers.
scientia : knowledge, science, skill.
scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.
scindo : to cut, rend, split, divide, separate.
scio scivi scitum : to know.
scio : to know, understand.
scio : to know, understand.
scisco : investigate, ask, inquire / vote, ordain, resolve.
scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.
scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.
scriptor : writer, author, scribe.
se habere : to keep oneself.
se gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.
se astringo : to commit oneself to.
secedo : to go apart, withdraw.
secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.
secundum : (adv.) after, behind.
secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.
secundus : second.
securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.
secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.
secus : otherwise, not so.
secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.
secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.
secuutus : follower, pursuer.
sed : but / and indeed, what is more.
sedeo sedi sessum : to sit.
seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.
sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.
seductor : seducer.
semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.
semper : always, ever.
senectus : old age, dotage.
senex senis : old, aged, old man.
sensus : feeling, sense.
sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.
sentio : to judge, suppose, vote.
sentio : feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,
seorsum : apart, separately.
sepelio : to ruin, destroy, bury.
septem : seven.
sepulchrum : grave, tomb, sepulcher.
seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.
sequax : following, attending, pursuing.
sequor sequi secutus : to follow, trail.
serio : seriously.
serius : serious, grave, solemn.
sermo : talk, common talk, rumor, report, discussion.
sermo : discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.
sero : to sow, plant. also, late, at a late hour.
servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.
servitus : servitude, slavery.
servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.
servus : slave, serf.
sese : =se : himself, herself, itself.
severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.
si : if.
sibimet : to them themselves.
sic : so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.
siccus : dry, thirsty / sober, temperate.
Siclinium : Seclin.
Siclinium : Seclin in Melanchois.
sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.
sidus : constellation, star.
signum : sign, seal, indication, sign.
silens : silent, still
silenti etc : the dead.
silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.
silentium : (religion) faultlessness, perfection.
sileo : to be still, silent / (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.
siligo -inis : wheat, wheat flour.
silva : woods, forest.
similis : similar, like, resembling.
similitudo : likeness, resemblance / uniformity.
simplex : simple, unaffected.
simul atque : as soon as.
simul : at once, at the same time, together.
simulatio : pretense,
sine : (+ abl.) without.
singularis : alone, unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.
singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.
singultim : stammeringly.
singultus : sobbing, gasping.
singultus : sobbing, death rattle.
singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.
sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.
siquidem : since, indeed
sitio : to be thirsty.
sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.
sive seu : or if.
socer : father in law.
socius : sharing, associated, allied.
socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.
sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.
sol solis : sun.
soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.
solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.
solitudo solitudinis : loneliness, solitude.
solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.
sollers : clever, skillful.
sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.
sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.
sollicitudo : concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.
sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.
sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.
solum : land, country, soil, ground / bottom, floor, foundation.
solum : non solum … sed etiam : not only … but also.
solum : (adv) alone, only.
solus : alone, only, the only.
solutio : loosening / payment / solution / explanation.
solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.
somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy
somniculouse : sleepily, drowsily.
somnio : to dream / (+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.
somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.
somnus : sleep.
sonitus : noise, sound.
sono : to make a noise / sing / celebrate / (of words) to mean.
sophismata : false conclusions, logical fallacies.
sopor : deep sleep.
sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.
sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.
sordesco : to become dirty.
sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.
spargo sparsi sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.
speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.
spectaculum : spectacle, show.
specto : to look at, watch, see.
speculum : mirror.
specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.
sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.
spero : to hope for, hope.
spes : hope.
spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.
spiritus : breath, breathing / life / spirit.
spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.
spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, loot
spolium : spoils, plunder, booty.
sponte : willingly, of one’s own accord, unaided.
St. Richarius : St. Riquier.
stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.
stabilitas : firmness, stability, durability.
Stabulaus : Stavelot.
statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.
statua : statue.
statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangement, decide.
statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.
stella : star.
stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.
stipes, itis : log, tree-trunk, branch, post, club, blockhead.
stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.
stips, stipis : small coin, gift.
sto, steti, statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.
strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous / turbulent, restive.
strues : piles, heaps, masses.
studio : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.
studiose : eagerly.
studium : eagerness, zeal.
stultus : foolish / a fool.
suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person)
suasoria : persuasive discourse.
sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.
subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.
subitus : sudden, unexpected.
subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.
sublime : on high, aloft.
subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.
subseco : to cut away, pare
subsequor : to follow after
substantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.
subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.
subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.
succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.
succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.
successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.
succurro : to run up under / aid, assist, help.
sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.
suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.
suffragium : vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.
suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.
sui : himself, herself, itself.
sulum : each, every.
sum fui futurus : to be, exist.
summa : the highest part / whole, sum.
summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.
summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.
summopere : very much, exceedingly.
sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy. / take for granted, assume.
sumptus : expense, cost.
supellex supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.
super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.
super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.
superbia : pride, arrogance.
superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.
superficies : surface, top.
superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.
superna : northeast by north wind.
superne : from above, above.
supernus : above, superior.
supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.
supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.
superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.
supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra : supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.
suppellex suppellectilus : ornaments.
suppellex suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.
supplanto : to trip up.
supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.
supplicium : punishment.
suppono subpono : to put under, subject / put next to, add.
suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.
supra : (+ acc.) above.
surculus : shoot, sprout.
surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up arise.
sursum : upwards, sursum deorsum : up and down.
suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.
suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.
suspendo suspendi suspensum : to suspend, hang.
sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.
suus sua suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.
synagoga : synagogue.


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